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ONERA (Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales) is the French national aerospace research center. It is a public research establishment, with eight major facilities in France and about 2,000 employees, including 1,500 scientists, engineers and technicians. ONERA was originally created by the French government in 1946, and assigned: direct and conduct aeronautical research, support the commercialization of this research by national and European industry, construct and operate the associated experimental facilities, supply industry with high-level technical analyses and other services, perform technical analyses for the government.

All of this research is keyed to applications. Whether the research has short, medium or long-term goals, it is designed to support the competitiveness and creativity of the aerospace and defence industries. The research carried out at ONERA results in computation codes, methods, tools, technologies, materials and other products and services which are used to design and manufacture everything to do with aerospace: civil and military aircraft, helicopters and tilt rotors, propulsion systems, orbital systems, space transport, missile systems, defence systems, networked systems and security systems. Its Space Environment Department (DESP) objective is to evaluate the environmental conditions of space missions and prevent the damage they may cause.

Main tasks: ONERA will lead WP2.