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Objectives

MAARBLE foresees the efficient exploitation of data from a number of European space missions (Cluster, INTEGRAL, XMM-Newton, PROBA-1, CHAMP), in combination with data from US space missions (THEMIS, GOES, POES, SAMPEX, Polar) and ground-based magnetometer data (European IMAGE array and Canadian CARISMA array), with a focus on the scientific problem of radiation belt energization and loss.

Hence the MAARBLE project has two major aims:
  • to contribute to the scientific understanding of radiation belt dynamics, with distinct merits for robotic and manned exploration, as explained later in the proposal
  • to enhance exploitation of data from European space missions through the synergetic approach of combined data sets (European and US spacecraft and ground-based arrays)

MAARBLE will further support and complement other ongoing European space programmes, such as the FP7-Space SPACECAST project and the ESA Space Situational Awareness Programme (SSA). Moreover, MAARBLE will contribute to the goals of the European Space Policy through its impact on robotic and human space exploration.

The objectives of the project are:
  • To use data assimilation techniques to guide 'the best' estimate of the state of a complex system such as the electron radiation belts
  •  To create a database of ULF and VLF waves in the radiation belts that is complementary to other FP7 projects, to be disseminated to the scientific community
  • To develop a statistical model of radiation belts relevant wave activity
  • To elaborate on specific aspects of wave-particle interactions, which are of strong relevance to radiation belt dynamics.